SRT501 and SRT1720 treatment leads to decreased inflammatory signaling. [a] Flow diagram of a network depicting statistically significant hypotheses supporting decreased pro-inflammatory signaling in DIO mouse livers after 3 days of treatment. Protein names lacking the taof prefix indicate decreased abundance, e.g. decreased abundance of Tnfα ligand leads to decreased taof(NF-κB complex). [b] Scatter plot obtained by graphing fold changes of significant probe sets supporting the decreased taof(NF-κB complex) hypothesis in the SRT1720 dataset comparison versus the SRT501 dataset comparison. [c] RAW 264.7 macrophages were treated with vehicle (0.2% DMSO), SRT501 (10 and 20 μM) or SRT1720 (1 and 2 μM) for 1 hour. Subsequently, TNFα secretion was induced by addition of LPS at 100 ng/ml for 1 hour. Cell Supernatants were collected and TNFα levels were measured by ELISA. TNFα levels are depicted as a percent of vehicle control (P.O.C.). P values were measured using an unpaired, 2-tailed t test. n = 3 replicates per group for each compound treatment. n = 8 replicates per group for each vehicle treatment. Error bars represent standard error of the mean. (*p < 0.05, **p < 0.005).