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Figure 3 | BMC Systems Biology

Figure 3

From: Exploring the metabolic network of the epidemic pathogen Burkholderia cenocepacia J2315 via genome-scale reconstruction

Figure 3

Specific structure of Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in B. cenocepacia J2315 and the synthesis pathways of LPS as well as the proteins involved. The lipid A portion of LPS is composed of two linked glucosamine residues (purple hexagon) with fatty acid side chains (wavy lines), (R)-3-hydroxyhexadecanoic (C16:0 (3-OH)) in an amide linkage and (R)-3-hydroxytetradecanoic (C14:0 (3-OH)) acid and tetradecanoic acid (C14:0) in an ester linkage. There are 4-amino-4-deoxyarabinose (Ara4N, brown sphere) moieties attached to the phosphate residues in the lipid A backbone. The inner core oligosaccharide contains unusual KDO-KO-Ara4N residue linked to the lipid A (KDO: 3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonic acid, dark blue hexagon; KO: D-glycero-D-talo-octulosonic acid, light blue hexagon). Various polysaccharides comprise the outer core oligosaccharide (L-glycero-D-manno-heptose, blue heptagon; glucose, dark green hexagon; galactose, light green hexagon; quinovosamine, orange hexagon; rhamnose, red hexagon). J2315 cannot make complete LPS O-antigen, owing to an insertion element in BCAL3125 [47].

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