pathways in cancer. Green nodes represent the nodes in which parts of genes were lost, whereas red nodes represent the nodes in which all genes were lost. White nodes represent the nodes which were same between rat and NMR. A blue line denotes the path of evading apoptosis containing at least one red or green node, whereas a yellow line denotes the same path between rat and NMR. In this figure, nine of fourteen paths leading to evading apoptosis have been affected.