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Table 3 Comparison experimental and simulated yields (mol/mol) of Clostridium butyricum TM-9A cultured in different carbohydrates [65]

From: Clostridium butyricum maximizes growth while minimizing enzyme usage and ATP production: metabolic flux distribution of a strain cultured in glycerol

Carbohydrate Experimental Yields Predicted Yields
YX/S a YH2/S YX/S a Feasible range YH2/S
Arabinose 2.5% 0.067 6.7% 0.204–1.101
Ribose 25.3% 0.843 6.7% 0.236–1.100
Xylose 32.3% 0.589 11.1% 0.327–1.406
Mannose 30.8% 0.668 36.2% 0.046–1.346
Fructose 32.2% 0.848 37.2% 0.092–1.374
Galactose 35.9% 0.864 29.1% 0.478–1.711
Cellobiose 35.9% 0.945 59.9% 0.141–2.468
Trehalose 65.7% 1.612 72.3% 0.030–2.485
Sucrose 74.9% 1.494 70.1% 0–2.323
Raffinose 100.0% 2.716 100.0% 0–3.141
  1. aBiomass yields were normalized based on the raffinose value