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Table 1 Comparison of maximum ATP yields from different carbon source ‘fuel’ metabolites

From: MitoCore: a curated constraint-based model for simulating human central metabolism

Metabolite MitoCore ATP Yield Recon 2.2 ATP Yield
Glucose 33.0 32.0
Fatty acid hexadecanoate (C16) 111.8 106.8
Lactate 15.5 15.0
Hydroxybutanoate 23.1 20.3
Acetoacetate 20.2 18.0
Histidine 26.3 25.5
Isoleucine 37.8 35.5
Leucine 37.1 33.5
Lysine 36.2 32.0
Methionine 18.3 27.0
Phenylalanine 36.2 33.0
Threonine 20.1 19.0
Tryptophan 43.1 39.5
Valine 30.1 29.0
Arginine 29.2 27.5
Aspartate 16.0 15.0
Cysteine 16.1 17.5
Glutamate 23.8 22.5
Glutamine 24.0 22.5
Glycine 8.0 8.0
Proline 28.1 27.5
Serine 13.1 13.5
Tyrosine 38.9 35.5
Asparagine 16.0 15.0
Alanine 16.0 15.0