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Table 4 Choline and betaine concentration values for different parameter changes

From: Sex differences in hepatic one-carbon metabolism

  Male +PEMT +BHMT +SHMT +MS +MTHFR +SphMy +all
Choline 60 96 61 62 59 59 63 100
Betaine 315 381 546 379 299 290 333 632
  1. One of the 6 parameters (as indicated by +) from Table 3 is changed to the female value while the other five are kept at the male values. “+ all” indicates all the female adaptations from Table 3