Clique Connectivity Profile for MinCliques (Green-USA, Light blue-GER, Dark Blue-CHN). This figure depicts the CCP for USA, GER, and CHN that was identified using a common seed (same as in Figure IV). The algorithm considered minimum overlapping nodes with highest CliqueStrength. From this figure, we can see the CCP diverges at the seed itself for the three populations. In SA, we identified two cliques that have the same number of overlapping nodes with the seed and same clique strength. Therefore we see two gene signature profiles of SA, both of which end at the same clique.